LOUIS XVIII SIGNED – SET. OF FOUR DOCUMENTS RETRACING THE CAREER OF REAR ADMIRAL JACQUES GAUTIER IN THE. 1 – Navy Lieutenant’s Certificate, Parchment, signed by Louis XVIII on December 10, 1817. On the back side signatures of. 2 – Appointment of Knight in the Royal and Military Order of Saint-Louis. Autograph piece on the head of the Ministry of the Navy and the colonies, Paris, April 29, 1821. In folio, signed by Minister Pierre-Barthélémy Portal d’Albarèdes, Baron Porta l. Autograph piece on the head of the Ministry of the Navy and the colonies, Paris, July 7, 1834. Signed by Louis Jacob. 4 – Appointment to the rank of Rear-Admiral. Autograph piece on the head of the Ministry of the Navy and the colonies, Paris, July 19, 1841. Signed by Admiral Duperré. Information related to these documents found in the book “Annales Maritimes et Coloniales”. Page 842 – ANNALES MARITIMES By ordinance of the King, dated July 12, 1841, on the report of the Minister of Marine and Colonies, were appointed to the Royal Marine Corps, namely: MM. BOTHEREL DE LA BRETONNIÈRE, admitted to the 2nd section of the cadre of rear-admirals. Page 843 – ANNALES MARITIMES By order of the King, dated Paris, July 31, 1841, were appointed to the Royal Marine Corps, namely: To the rank of captain. BELLANGER (Michel), replacing Mr. Gautier, promoted to the rank of rear-admiral. 715 By royal decree, dated July 12, 1842, on the report of the Minister of the Navy, Mr. Gautier (Jacques), rear-admiral in active service, is admitted as of today in the 2nd section of the cadre of vice-admirals and rear-admirals. This general officer will receive the portion of pay to which 716 MARITIME ANNALS. He is entitled, because of his rank, in accordance with the law of June 17, 1841, and the ordinance of June 21 of the same month. Intent on restoration of Bourbon power and the privileges of the aristocracy, Louis XVIII did not undo all of the reforms introduced by the Revolution and Napoleon, and tried to restrain the ultra-Royalists who wanted more vengeance upon their defeated foes. Louis actually retained many Napoleonic officers in his service, which proved to be a mistake since many of them defected to Napoleon during the Hundred Days. Louis reigned until 1824, the last French monarch to die while still on the throne. Louis Antoine of France, Duke of Angoulême (6 August 1775 – 3 June 1844) was the elder son of Charles X of France and the last Dauphin of France from 1824 to 1830. He was disputedly King of France and Navarre for less than 20 minutes before he himself abdicated, due to his father’s abdication during the July Revolution in 1830. He never reigned over the country, but after his father’s death in 1836, he was the legitimist pretender as Louis XIX. He was a petit-fils de France at birth, and was initially known as Louis Antoine d’Artois. After his father’s accession to the throne, he became Dauphin de France, and his surname changed to de France, following the royal custom for princes with such rank. Pierre-Barthélémy Portal d’Albarèdes. Baron Portal, (30 October 1765 – 11 January 1845) was a French politician, Ministers of Marine and. December 1818 – 14 December 1821. Louis Léon Jacob (11 November 1768 – 14 March 1854) was a French admiral. He retired on the Restoration, reentered active service in 1820, was Governor of Guadeloupe from 1823 to 1826, prepared the expedition against Morocco and Algiers (1827), served on the Admiralty Board until 1834, when he became Minister of Marine, and was aide-de-camp to Louis Philippe until 1848. He introduced in 1805 a system of semaphores which was long used in the French navy. Guy-Victor Duperré (20 February 1775, La Rochelle – 2 November 1846, Paris) was a French naval officer and Admiral of France. Duperré famously commanded naval forces in the Mauritius Campaign and was victorious in the Battle of Grand Port, where he was wounded. Later he had a command in the Mediterranean and continued to serve during and after the Bourbon Restoration. He commanded the naval elements of the expeditionary force that carried out the Invasion of Algiers in 1830 and went on to become Minister of the Navy three times.
“KING LOUIS XIV DOCUMENT ON LARGE PARCHMENT SIGNED AS COUNT OF PROVENCE IN PARIS ON DECEMBRE 1653″. Size: 21″ x 14.3″ (53.5 cm x 36.5 cm). Provence : The territory was ceded to Louis XI by Margaret of Anjou, the heiress, on 19 October 1480, and united to the crown in the following year; however, the Union was legally reversed by the 1486 Edict of Union, which stipulated that Provence and its accompanying territories would “in no way be subordinated to the crown or realm of France”. Accordingly, the King of France was titled in relation to Provence. Par la grâce de Dieu roi de France, comte de Provence, Forcalquier et terres adjacentes. By the Grace of God King of France, Count of Provence, Forcalquier and the lands adjacent. Louis, by the grace of God, King of France and Navarre, Count of Provence, Force. And adjacent lands, to all present and to come, Salut! Given at Paris, the 20th day of December, the year of grace 1653, and of our reign the eleventh.