“Bacardi Rum” Emilio Bacardi Twice Signed Official Cuban Document Dated 1899. This item is certified authentic by Todd Mueller Autographs and comes with their Certificate of Authenticity. Emilio was the son of Facundo Bacardi and his wife Amalia Moreau. His father was a businessman who in 1862 founded the Bacardi distilling company that would grow into today’s international corporation. However, before finding stability in the rum business, Facundo and his young family experienced some of tragedies of the day. Upon his return, Facundo found that the general store he had been running was looted and its customers had fled. Within a few years he was bankrupt. In some ways, Emilio was protected from the turbulence by distance: the family’s return to Cuba was completed without him, who stayed behind with a family friend in Spain. He received instruction in literary and political topics and grew to appreciate the arts and the liberal politics of the day (including abolition of slavery, criticism of organized religion, nationalism, and democracy). However, as the first-born son of his father, he was given a growing and important role in the fledgling company. Throughout the 1870s, 80’s, and 90’s, Emilio’s dual identity as business magnate and subversive political activist grew. The rum business continued to grow under his leadership, which was made official in 1877 when Don Facundo retired and named him president of the company. At the same time, Emilio became more and more involved in Cuba’s nationalistic resistance to the Spanish Empire. He was repeatedly arrested and imprisoned on suspicion of helping the rebels. These suspicions were well founded, as Emilio used his respectable business activities and connections as a cover for developing a financial network which channelled resources to the rebel guerilla army. Emilio’s personal life continued to develop as well: in 1876 he married Maria Lay Berlucheau, a French Cuban from Santiago. He would go on to have a number of children with her, including Emilio (Emilito), Daniel, Jose, Facundo, Maria, and Carmen. In the spring of 1885, however, she died at the age of 33, devastating Emilio and sending him into a depression from which it took months to recover. His eventual recovery coincided with the companionship of Elvira Cape, whom he married in 1887 and lived with for the rest of his life. Their four children (Marina, Lucia, Adelaida, and Amalia) further enlarged the Bacardi family. The political fortunes of both Cuba and Emilio were radically altered by the. In which the conquering American army took over administration of the island. The American military governor of Santiago, General. Appointed Bacardi as mayor of Santiago. In this position, Emilio worked extensively with the American military administration, and the relationship between him and General Wood warmed to the level of friendship, tempered by their complicated political relationship. As mayor, he was generally recognized as a competent and effective manager, succeeding on extending services and practicing good government under the military administration and later the new Cuban republic. His reputation for honesty and public service distinguished him from many of the would-be leaders who arose in the post-independence political scramble, and he eventually ran for and won a seat in the national senate in 1906.
3 documents signed by Pointer Sisters Anita Pointer, Jada Pointer and Ruth Pointer each one has their social security numbers so they have been removed from images. THE POINTER SISTERS – BIOGRAPHY’ The Pointer Sisters began their formal vocal training in their father’s church, The Church of God in West Oakland, California. They went on to achieve worldwide fame and have secured a place in pop music history as a dynamic female group! Their first performance in Los Angeles at the Troubadour club was hailed by critics for its versatility and range and called The Pointer Sisters the most exciting thing to hit show business in years. ” Their 1973 debut album gave us the singles, “Yes We Can, Can, which reached #11 on Billboard magazine’s pop singles chart. The album was certified gold and the group had become the most talked-about new act of the year. The following year, the sisters released That’s A Plenty, an album that included a bona-fide countrywestem tune, “Fairytale, ” written by the sisters. The single hit big on both the country and pop charts. As a result, the sisters became the first black female group to ever perform at the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville, Tennessee. They also became the first contemporary act to perform at the San Francisco Opera House and released a live recording of the performance. In 1975, “Fairytale” won the sisters their first Grammy Award, for Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Elvis Presley later covering the tune. That year, the Pointers released their fourth album for Blue Thumb. Entitled Steppin’, the record included “How Long (Betcha Got A Chick On The Side)”; co-written by the sisters, it went top 20 on the pop charts and sailed all the way to #1 on R&B. In 1976, the sisters hit the big screen, joining Richard Pryor in the film, Car Wash. “You Gotta Believe” which was featured on the film’s soundtrack, rose up the R&B charts. In 1977, the Pointer Sisters released Having a Party, their last album for Blue Thumb and their last album as a quartet. In an effort to change their style, the sisters signed with Planet Records and teamed up with Richard Perry, a well-known producer who had previously worked with such artists as Barbara Streisand and Carly Simon. Together, they decided to record a rock’n roll album. The group’s debut single, Bruce Springsteen’s “Fire, ” went all the way to #2 on the pop charts and went gold. Boosted by “Fire, ” the Energy album was certified gold and went on to spawn another top single with “Happiness”. In 1980, the group released the gold-certified Special Things; it featured the song “He’s So Shy” that went to #3 and gold status. In 1981, the group released Black & White, which included one of the biggest hits of the year, Slow Hand. The single topped out at #2 on the Billboard charts, and became an anthem for women across the country. Alas, the title of their 1983 album summed up exactly what the trio was about to do: Break Out. Upon its release, Stereo Review called the new album the Pointer Sisters at their sassiest, brassiest, up-tempo best. ” When Ruth took the lead for “Automatic, her deeper-than-deep vocals practically leapt off the vinyl, and helped the single go all the way to #5. The Pointer Sisters landed all over MTV, becoming one of the first black acts to be played in heavy rotation. “Jump (for my love)” raced to #3 on the pop charts. “I’m So Excited” hit the Top 10 and became a Pointer classic! To date, the song has been played over 2.5 million times on radio. “Neutron Dance, ” featuring Ruth’s gospel-spiked shouts, rose to #6 on the pop charts as its video dominated MTV. Paramount Pictures included the hit in their film, Beverly Hills Cop, starring Eddie Murphy. Finally, Break Out spawned a sixth single, Baby Come And Get It. ” The success of the album earned the sisters two Grammy Awards (Best Vocal by a Duo or Group for “Jump” and Best Vocal Arrangement for “Automatic) and two American Music Awards. While they toured heavily and made countless television appearances, the group made a move to RCA Records, which released the Contact album in 1985. The set’s first single, “Dare Me, ” hit #11 and was accompanied by another stylish video that established the Pointer Sisters as trendsetters for a whole new generation. Within three weeks of its release, Contact was certified platinum, and the group went on to win another American Music Award for Best Video Group. In late 1986, the Pointer Sisters released their second album on RCA, Hot Together, which spawned a top 40 hit with Goldmine. The Pointers helped promote the album in 1987 by hitting prime time with their first television network special, Up All Night, featuring the sisters touring Los Angeles night spots with guest stars Whoopi Goldberg, Bruce Willis and The McGuire Sisters. 1993 marked the Pointer Sisters 20th year in the recording industry, and they helped celebrate the anniversary with a new album, entitled, Only Sisters Can Do That, on SBK Records. All three sisters wrote material for the album. Fans and critics alike sang the record’s praises–Enter1ainment Weekly, for one, called the album catchier than. Janet Jackson” and proclaimed it “the catchiest Sisters set since 1984’s hit-packed Break Out. ” In 1994, a massive crowd swarmed to Hollywood Boulevard to see the ladies receive a star on the Hollywood Walk ofFame, an event proclaimed “Pointer Sisters Day in Hollywood. That same day, it was announced that the group would begin a world-wide tour of the Fats Waller musical, Ain’t Misbehavin’. They toured with the show for 46 weeks and recorded a cast album. The sisters went on to be honored on the Soul ofAmerican Music Awards and were also inducted into the Soul Train Hall of Fame. They performed a special concert at the White House for then President Clinton. In 1996, they were one of the legendary acts that performed at the closing ceremony of the Olympics in Atlanta, and the group was saluted with Fire–The Very Best of the Pointer Sisters, a 36-song anthology that chronicled the sisters’ career. In recent years, the group has performed with some of the greatest symphony orchestras in the world, including San Francisco, Jacksonville, Atlanta’s symphony orchestra and the renowned Boston Pops. In 2003, Ruth’s daughter; Issa Pointer enthusiastically joined the group. Issa has been singing since childhood and is a natural performer. Over the years, she has occasionally joined her mother and aunts on the road and on stage–just for fun! During the Pointer Sisters’ 1985 tour, Issa, then just 7 years old, was fitted with a bright red wig to match her mOm’s wild hairstyle! Well, she’s all grown up now and has the vocal chords to prove it. In 2004, the group recorded a live CD/DVD, which captured the energetic Pointers performing the hits that fans of all ages continue to enjoy! Ruth, Anita and Issa maintain a busy touring schedule and perform the music of The Pointer Sisters all over the world. The Pointer Sisters are an American R&B singing group from Oakland, California, that achieved mainstream success during the 1970s and 1980s. Spanning over four decades, their repertoire has included such diverse genres as pop, disco, jazz, electronic music, bebop, blues, soul, funk, dance, country and rock. The Pointer Sisters have won three Grammy Awards and received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1994. The group had 13 US top 20 hits between 1973 and 1985. The group had its origins when sisters June and Bonnie Pointer began performing in clubs in 1969 as “Pointers, a Pair”. The line-up grew to a trio when sister Anita Pointer joined them. They scored a record deal with Atlantic Records and released several unsuccessful singles. The trio grew to a quartet when sister Ruth joined in December 1972. They then signed with Blue Thumb Records, recorded their debut album, and began seeing more success, winning a Grammy Award in 1975 for Best Country Vocal Performance for “Fairytale” (1974). Bonnie left the group in 1978 to commence a solo career with only modest success. The group achieved its greatest commercial success as a trio during the 1980s consisting of the line-up of June, Ruth, and Anita, winning two more Grammys for the top 10 hits “Jump (for My Love)” (1984) and “Automatic” (1984). The group’s other U. Top 10 hits are “Fire” (1979), “He’s So Shy” (1980), “Slow Hand” (1981), the remixed version of “I’m So Excited” (1984) and “Neutron Dance” (1985). June Pointer, the youngest sister, struggled with drug addiction for much of her career, leaving the group in April 2004 and dying from extensive cancer in April 2006, at the age of 52.  She was replaced by Ruth’s daughter Issa Pointer. This trio had a number two hit in Belgium in 2005, covering “Sisters Are Doin’ It for Themselves” with Belgian singer Natalia. Since 2009, the group has consisted of Anita, Ruth, Issa, and Ruth’s granddaughter Sadako Pointer. While all four women remain in the group, they most often perform as a trio rotating the lineup as needed. 1.1 Early days. 1.2 First success as recording artists. 1.3 The quartet becomes a trio. 1.4 The height of their success. 1.5 Subsequent years. 1.6 Vice City Dance. 1.7 Tragedy and controversy. 3.1 Grammy Awards. 3.2 American Music Awards. 4.1 US and UK Top Twenty singles. 4.2 US and UK Top 40 albums. As children in West Oakland, the Pointer sisters and brothers were encouraged to listen to and sing gospel music by their parents Reverend Elton Pointer and Sarah Pointer. However, they were told rock and roll and the blues were “the devil’s music”, and it was only when they were away from their watchful parents that they could sing these styles. They regularly sang at a local Church of God in Christ congregation in West Oakland, but as the sisters grew older their love of other styles of music began to grow. When June, the youngest sister, brought home a copy of the Elvis Presley record All Shook Up, she was surprised that her mother allowed her to play it, until discovering that her mother had been pacified by the song “Crying in the Chapel” on the “B” side of the record. The sisters graduated from Oakland Technical High School: Ruth in 1963, Anita in 1965, and Bonnie in 1968.  After leaving school Ruth, the oldest sister, was already married with two children Faun (born 1965) and Malik (born 1966),  Anita, the second oldest sister, also was married with a child Jada. Bonnie, the third oldest sister, and June sought a show business career and they formed a duo, “Pointers, A Pair”. Later, Anita quit her job to join the group. They began touring and performing and provided backing vocals for artists such as Grace Slick, Sylvester James, Boz Scaggs and Elvin Bishop, and it was while supporting Bishop at a nightclub appearance in 1971, that the sisters were signed to a recording contract with Atlantic Records. The resulting singles that came from their Atlantic tenure failed to become hits but, nevertheless, the sisters were enjoying their newfound recording career. The temptation to join them finally overwhelmed Ruth and, in December 1972, she joined the group. The quartet signed to Blue Thumb Records and began to record their first full-fledged album. Upon signing, they agreed that they did not want to follow the current trend of pop music but wanted to create an original sound that combined jazz music, jazz singing, and be-bop music. In search of a visual style for their act, they remembered the poverty of their childhood and their ability to improvise, and used their experience to assemble a collection of vintage 1940s clothes from thrift shops, that would comprise their costumes and give them the distinctive look they were searching for. In 1972, they were asked to record “Pinball Number Count” for a series of educational cartoons teaching kids how to count. It made its debut on Sesame Street in 1977 and was a feature on the show for many years. They made their television debut performance at the Troubadour nightclub in Los Angeles on The Helen Reddy Show. In 1974 they joined Reddy on the track “Showbiz” which appeared on her “Free and Easy” album. First success as recording artists. The group’s self-titled first album, featuring the backing of Bay Area stalwarts the Hoodoo Rhythm Devils, was released in 1973 and received strong reviews, with the group being lauded for their versatility and originality: its first single “Yes We Can Can” – an Allen Toussaint-penned song which had been a minor R&B hit for Lee Dorsey in 1970 – afforded the Pointer Sisters the first chart hit reaching #11 on the Billboard Hot 100, while both “Yes We Can Can” and the follow-up single: the Willie Dixon cover “Wang Dang Doodle” were major R&B hits with respective R&B chart peaks of #12 and #24. The Pointer Sisters thrift shop style also made them fan favorites, many audience members of the group’s live shows being dressed similarly to the group’s members. The Pointer Sisters’ second album, the 1974 release That’s a Plenty, continued in the jazz and be-bop style of its predecessor but provided one exception that caused a great deal of interest: “Fairytale”, written by Anita and Bonnie Pointer, was a country song that reached #13 on the pop charts, and #37 on the country charts. Based on this success, the group was invited to Nashville, Tennessee where they achieved the distinction of becoming the first Afro-American group to perform at the Grand Ole Opry. In 1975, the Pointer Sisters won a Grammy Award for Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal with Anita and Bonnie Pointer also receiving nominations for the Grammy Award for Best Country Song as songwriters of “Fairytale”. The song would later be covered by Elvis Presley. Subsequent to the live double- album Live at the Opera House – a recording of the 21 April 1974 Pointer Sisters concert at the War Memorial Opera House in San Francisco – the group’s third studio Steppin’ was released in 1975. Steppin’ produced their Grammy-nominated number one R&B single, “How Long (Betcha’ Got a Chick on the Side)”, which was sampled by female rap icons Salt-N-Pepa a decade later. The Pointer Sisters also scored another R&B hit from the album with “Going Down Slowly”, another Allen Toussaint cover, and in 1976 appeared in the classic blaxploitation film Car Wash with their song from the movie: “You Gotta Believe”, making the R&B top 20 in early 1977. The Pointer Sisters were featured on the 1977 album Saffo Music by Italian R&B singer Lara Saint Paul and produced by Leon Ware, with bass by Chuck Rainey, guitar by Ray Parker Jr. And mixed by Bill Conti.  It was released in Italy under LASAPA records. November 1977 saw the release of the jazz-funk oriented Having a Party which would be the final album release featuring the Pointer Sisters in their original four-woman format: in fact it was only on the title cut that all four members sang, the album’s other cuts featuring Anita, Bonnie and Ruth but not June Pointer. Recorded in 1976 the album’s release was so delayed as to cause an eighteen-month gap between Having a Party and the precedent Pointer Sisters’ album Steppin’ – the compilation album The Best of the Pointer Sisters had been issued in July 1976 – and without the impetus of a major hit single the Having a Party album itself caused scant commercial interest. One track, “Don’t It Drive You Crazy” with Bonnie Pointer on lead, would become a cult hit in the UK as part of the rare groove phenomenon. The quartet becomes a trio. By 1977 both June and Bonnie had left the group. June wanted to take a break, and Bonnie left to start a solo career. Bonnie married Motown Records producer Jeffrey Bowen in 1978. She subsequently signed a contract with Motown and this led to a brief, moderately successful, solo career. Her first self-titled album produced the disco song “Heaven Must Have Sent You”. The album was produced by Berry Gordy and husband Jeffrey Bowen. The song became a top 20 pop hit in September 1979. On 22 January 1978 Ruth gave birth to her second daughter and, now a duo, Ruth and Anita cut back their schedules and concentrated on raising their families. They began talking about the future of the group and what direction it should take. They agreed to dispense with the 1940s nostalgia and go in a contemporary direction. In July of that year June married William Oliver Whitmore II. The two sisters then signed a deal with producer Richard Perry’s Planet Records, which was distributed by Elektra Records. After contributing guest vocals on the group’s cover of Sly Stone’s “Everybody Is A Star” June was persuaded to return to the group, making it a trio. With Perry the trio began working on an album of West Coast soft rock, which was released in 1978 with the title Energy. The first single, a cover version of Bruce Springsteen’s “Fire”, climbed to #2 on the US singles charts in early 1979, and a third Allen Toussaint cover, “Happiness”, also charted. In 1979 the trio released an album with a harder-edged rock sound entitled Priority, and though it was not a huge commercial success it received very positive critical reviews and further strengthened the group’s reputation for being versatile. The height of their success. Over the next few years they achieved their greatest commercial success and continued to demonstrate their versatility. In 1980 the soulful pop single, “He’s So Shy”, reached number three on the charts, and the following year a slow, sultry ballad, “Slow Hand”, reached number two. The follow-up, “Should I Do It” was classic girl-group. Richard Perry then switched distribution of Planet to RCA Records in 1982. The first release from this new union was “American Music”, a patriotic-themed, modernized take on the girl-group sound while “I’m So Excited” was an influential, exuberant dance track. All these singles were significant hits in the US and were also successful in Australia, where all but “American Music” reached the Top 20. That year Ruth became a grandmother for the first time. With the advent of MTV the sisters were able to exploit their visual style and extend their audience. In 1984 they achieved four Billboard Hot 100 top 10 singles in a row. “Automatic” reached #5; “Jump (for My Love)” reached #3; a remix of “I’m So Excited” was added to the album almost a year into its shelf life and reached #9; and another single from the album, “Neutron Dance”, also featured on the Beverly Hills Cop soundtrack, reached #6. “I Need You” had been the lead single from the album, and was a significant R&B hit, peaking at #13 on the Black Singles charts. The album’s last single, “Baby Come And Get It”, did well on the Black Singles charts too but missed cracking the pop Top 40 by a hair. It would be brought to life again in the next millennium through its use in Burger King television commercials. They received Grammy Awards for Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal for “Jump (For My Love)”, and Best Vocal Arrangement for Two or More Voices for “Automatic”. These songs also followed “Slow Hand” into the UK Top 10, with “Automatic” peaking at number 2 in that country. These Planet singles marked the end of their run of Top 10 hits in the US, with their subsequent RCA releases “Dare Me” in 1984 (the Sisters’ last Australian Top 10 hit), and “Goldmine” in 1986, reaching numbers 11 and 33 respectively. In 1985 Ruth became a grandmother for the second time. The sisters eventually left RCA Records to record for Motown and then SBK, releasing several group albums and individual solo albums along the way, but these projects did not achieve the level of success of their earlier work. In recent years the sisters have maintained a lower public profile but have continued to perform. Anita became a grandmother in 1990 when her only child Jada gave birth to Roxie. On September 8, 1990 Ruth married a man named Michael Sayles (born 1957). The sisters entertained US troops in the Persian Gulf in 1991 with Bob Hope. By 1991, June Pointer had ended her thirteen-year marriage to William Oliver Whitmore II. In August, 1993 at age 47 Ruth Pointer gave birth to twins Ali and Conor Sayles. 1994 saw the release of the Various Artist album “Rhythm, Country and Blues” which featured duets of country artists with R&B artists; this album contains a duet with the Pointer Sisters and Clint Black together on the classic song Chain Of Fools. Also in 1994, the Pointer Sisters were honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and began touring with a production of the Fats Waller-based musical Ain’t Misbehavin’. In 1995 Pointer Sisters recorded “Feel for the Physical” as a duet with Thomas Anders (of Modern Talking fame) for his album Souled. They were also one of the featured acts at the closing ceremonies of the 1996 Atlanta Summer Olympics. On June 9, 2002 June Pointer and Bonnie Pointer performed as a duo on the bill at the San Jose Gay Pride Celebration the pair having been recruited by a promoter who had failed to recruit the official Pointer Sisters trio for the event: the June/Bonnie Pointer duo’s appearance at San Jose Pride was promoted as a “Pointer Sisters” gig with pictures of June Pointer performing with Anita Pointer and Ruth Pointer utilized in its promotion, causing Anita Pointer and Ruth Pointer to sue the promoter and other affiliates of the June/Bonnie Pointer duo’s San Jose Pride gig (neither Bonnie Pointer nor June Pointer was named in the suit).  Bonnie Pointer and June Pointer subsequently performed as a duo at other Gay Pride celebrations and participated in the Get Up’n’ Dance disco music tour in the summer of 2003, the duo being officially billed as “Bonnie and June Pointer, formerly of the Pointer Sisters”. The Pointer Sisters in a performance for cancer research. In the autumn 2002 the Pointer Sisters played the Night of the Proms tour in Europe marking the inauguration of Issa Pointer, the daughter of Ruth Pointer, as the replacement for June Pointer: Ruth Pointer would recall: We sort of pulled a fast one by waiting until the last minute to inform the promoters of [the] roster change… Because we didn’t want to give them the chance to change their minds. ” According to Ruth Pointer “Anita and I had talked for some time about having Issa and [Anita’s] daughter Jada [Pointer] alternate in the third spot in the lineup… Issa was chosen [to go] first because she had experience singing solo at a lot of New England-area functions.  Issa Pointer’s membership in the Pointer Sisters would remain constant until 2009, Jada Pointer who was to alternate with her having been diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in the autumn of 2002 and dying 10 June 2003. The Pointer Sisters recorded their first album with Issa Pointer rather than June Pointer in April 2004 with The Pointer Sisters – Live in Billings recorded at the Alberta Bair Theatre in Billings, Montana. The first studio recording by the Pointer Sisters to feature Issa Pointer was “Christmas in New York” for YMC Records recorded in the summer of 2005 for release for the multi-artist seasonal release Smooth & Soulful Christmas Collection on YMC Records: “Christmas in New York” afforded the Pointer Sisters their last appearance on a Billboard chart to date, the track reaching #21 on the Billboard Adult Contemporary chart. Christmas In New York was written by Nathan East and Chris Christian and produced by them. The group’s next recording was a remake of the Eurythmics’ “Sisters Are Doin’ It for Themselves” recorded with Natalia: this track spent sixteen weeks in the Top 20 of Belgium’s Flemish chart from October 2005 with a peak of #2. In 2008 Anita Pointer and Ruth Pointer recorded the last Pointer Sisters album to date The Pointer Sisters Favorites consisting of remakes of ten of the group’s biggest hits: recorded in response to the group’s failure to receive royalties from the inclusion of any Pointer Sisters’ hits on multi-artist hits compilations, … In recent years many Pointer Sisters songs have been covered by contemporary artists, such as “Jump (for My Love)” by Girls Aloud, which reached number two at the UK singles chart in 2003, “Dare Me” was turned into the dance smash “Stupidisco” by Belgian DJ Junior Jack, indie band Le Tigre covered in 2004 “I’m So Excited” on their third album This Island, and French DJ Muttonheads sampled “Back In My Arms” on his 2005 club hit “I’ll Be There”. Most recently in 2007, Tommy Boy recording artist Ultra Naté has released a dance-pop cover of “Automatic” that reached #1 at the US Hot Dance Music/Club Play charts. In 2005, “Pinball Number Count” was re-edited for Coldcut’s Ninja Tune label, becoming a surprise dance hit. The same song has also been remixed by Venetian Snares of the Planet Mu record label. The Pointer Sisters have maintained a high international profile as performers: in 2002 they participated at the annual Night of the Proms, a successful series of concerts combining pop and classical music, taking place in the Benelux, France and Germany: the Pointer Sisters received the highest audience ratings of all participating Night of the Proms acts in 2002. On June 7, 2006 Anita Pointer guest-starred on Celebrity Duets singing with Olympic gymnast Carly Patterson on “I’m So Excited”:on the following night’s results show the duo’s encore was “Jump (For My Love)”. On August 4, 2009 Ruth, Anita and Bonnie stopped by The Kibitz Room at Canter’s in Los Angeles and jammed with the band and Ruth’s son Malik Pointer. They sang “Fire”, “Yes We Can Can”, and “Going Down Slowly”.  On November 4, 2009, The Pointer Sisters played “I’m So Excited” and “The Neutron Dance” on CBS morning show The Early Show with Ruth’s granddaughter, Sadako Johnson. Issa Pointer is currently pursuing a solo career. While promoting an October 28 2010 Detroit gig by the Pointer Sisters – then comprising Anita and Ruth Pointer and Sadako Johnson – Ruth Pointer, asked Do you [and Anita] plan on recording an album with Sadako? We talk about it from time to time, but the business has changed so much. It’s not like the old days when you just have a record deal and go in the studio and record with a producer and then start promoting. ”  In the same interview Ruth Pointer commented on the Pointer Sister’s profile having dropped in recent years: “We’ve performed a lot in Europe and Asia and Australia, and it’s just that we haven’t been very visible publicly in the [US]. We still do a lot of corporate parties and private parties because I mean, let’s face it, those are the people that are in our own age group and know our songs. In November 2011 the Pointer Sisters toured Australia and played one gig in New Zealand with a lineup consisting of Ruth Pointer, Sadako Johnson and Issa Pointer; the last-named was a last-minute and presumably temporary replacement for Anita Pointer, who did not feel up to travel due to an unnamed health concern.  Ruth Pointer, Sadako Johnson and Issa Pointer were also the personnel for a February 11, 2012 Pointer Sisters concert in Metairie, LA. At the July 6, 2012 Essence Fest show in New Orleans, Anita Pointer had rejoined the group, the lineup for that concert being Ruth and Anita Pointer and Sadako Johnson. In an August 2012 interview Ruth Pointer stated: Anita has had some health issues recently so we try to give her a break when she needs it. When that happens we bring my daughter [Issa Pointer] in to fill in for her.  At most recent Pointer Sisters concert, performing with the Columbus Symphony on June 14, 2013 (and filling in for Chaka Khan with a week’s notice), the lineup was Anita, Ruth and Issa Pointer. The Pointer Sisters are scheduled to play six Australian dates in May and June 2016  with the lineup of Ruth Pointer, Issa Pointer and Sadako Johnson: recent media reports indicate that Anita Pointer’s health issued have necessitated her retiring from the group. We don’t do the tours like we used to do back in the day. We’ll leave that to the young folks, out on the road in buses for months at a time…. We still have a good time, we do a lot of corporate dates, a lot of casinos, special events, fundraisers, that’s our audience. We’re so glad [the Pointer Sisters’ songs are] still relevant and people still want to hear them being sung and we love singing them. The Pointer Sisters were inducted into the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 2005. Vice City Dance. In Grand Theft Auto: Vice City, the Malibu club in the game featured a Village People tribute in which they danced to “Automatic”. This dance involved the dancers crossing the hands by their knees for two beats then raising the roof for another two. Tragedy and controversy. In November 2000, the sisters lost their mother Sarah; in 2003, sister Anita lost her only child Jada to cancer. Jada was the subject of the 1973 song “Jada”. On April 11, 2006, June Pointer died of lung cancer at the age of 52. According to an official family statement she was surrounded by her sisters Ruth and Anita as well as brothers Aaron Pointer and Fritz. On May 4, 2006, sister Bonnie appeared on Entertainment Tonight saying the other sisters had not fulfilled the burial wishes for June, instead having her cremated because it was cheaper. Bonnie also stated the sisters had not let her ride in the family car at the funeral. Anita and Ruth responded that Bonnie had demanded to be let back into the group and was upset that she had not been allowed to rejoin it, and that June had left no instructions for her burial. The sisters seemed estranged from Bonnie until she joined Anita Pointer on the Idol Radio Show in 2007. Bonnie Pointer was arrested for allegedly possessing crack cocaine on November 18, 2011, in South Los Angeles, after the car she was riding in was pulled over for a mechanical malfunction.  Bonnie filed for divorce from her husband, Motown Records producer Jeffrey Bowen, on 1 July 2014. The Grammy Awards are awarded annually by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. The Pointer Sisters have received three awards from nine nominations. Year Nominated work Award Result. 1975 “Fairytale” Best Country Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group Won. 1976 “How Long (Betcha’ Got a Chick on the Side)” Best R&B Vocal Performance by a Duo, Group or Chorus Nominated. “Live Your Life Before You Die” Best Country Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group Nominated. 1981 “He’s So Shy” Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Nominated. 1982 “Slow Hand” Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Nominated. Black & White Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Nominated. 1985 “Jump (For My Love)” Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Won. “Automatic” Best Vocal Arrangement for Two or More Voices Won. 1986 Contact Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Nominated. Anita Pointer and Bonnie Pointer received an additional nomination as songwriters when “Fairytale” was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Country Song. So Excited was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video. This nomination is credited to producer/director Richard Perry. American Music Awards. The American Music Awards is an annual awards ceremony created by Dick Clark in 1973. The Pointer Sisters have received three awards from four nominations. 1982 The Pointer Sisters Favorite Band, Duo or Group (Pop/Rock) Nominated. 1985 The Pointer Sisters Favorite Band, Duo or Group (Soul/R&B) Won. The Pointer Sisters Favorite Group Video Artist (Soul/R&B) Won. 1986 The Pointer Sisters Favorite Group Video Artist (Soul/R&B) Won. Main article: The Pointer Sisters discography. US and UK Top Twenty singles. The following thirteen singles reached the Top Twenty on the United States Billboard Hot 100 pop singles chart. Five also reached the top twenty of the United Kingdom UK Singles Chart. 1973: “Yes We Can Can” (US #11). 1974: “Fairytale” (US #13). 1975: “How Long (Betcha’ Got a Chick on the Side)” (US #20). 1979: “Fire” (US #2). 1980: “He’s So Shy” (US #3). 1981: “Slow Hand” (US #2; UK #10). 1982: “Should I Do It” (US #13). 1982: “American Music” (US #16). 1984: “Automatic” (US #5; UK #2). 1984: “Jump (For My Love)” (US #3; UK #6). 1984: “I’m So Excited” (remix) (US #9; UK #11). 1984: “Neutron Dance” (US #6). 1985: “Dare Me” (US #11; UK #17). US and UK Top 40 albums. The following albums reached the Top Forty on either the United States Billboard 200 pop albums chart or the United Kingdom UK Albums Chart. 1973: The Pointer Sisters (US #13). 1975: Steppin’ (US #22). 1978: Energy (US #13). 1980: Special Things (US #34). 1981: Black & White (US #12; UK #21). 1983: Break Out (US #8; UK #9). 1985: Contact (US #25; UK #34). 1989: Jump: The Best of the Pointer Sisters (UK #11).
For your consideration is a rare and important hand-signed antique Royal 1692 manuscript document / letter / commission / appointment / order / decree / edict by HRH King Charles II of Spain (6 November 1661 – 1 November 1700). The subject matter of this rare royalty document is concerning. Carlos II, Valencia, D. Francisco de Cardona, Order of Montesa, General Dance of Valencia, Alonso Lajara. Letter addressed to D. Francisco de Cardona, of the Order of Montesa, General Dance of Valencia, in which it is stated that children and members of the Council of Ministers are paid three hundred ducats.. Hand-signed autograph “Yo el Rey” (I THE KING) in iron gallic ink by King CARLOS II Spain, in Madrid, dated November 30, 1692. Manuscript laid-paper document bearing stamped Royal Crown of Carlos II. One thousand six hundred and ninety-two. Measures 210 x 285 mm. The condition of this specific document is as pictured in the 12 images provided. Document has been subject to toning, stains, folds, tears, rips, missing pieces, wormholes, etc. 16th century period document on laid paper (watermarked). Charles II of Spain (6 November 1661 – 1 November 1700), also known as El Hechizado or the Bewitched, was the last Habsburg ruler of the Spanish Empire. He is best remembered for his alleged physical disabilities, and the war that followed his death. Charles suffered ill-health throughout his life; from the moment he became king at the age of four in 1665, the succession was a prominent consideration in European politics. The historian John Langdon-Davies summarised this as follows: “Of no man is it more true to say that in his beginning was his end; from the day of his birth, they were waiting for his death”. Despite two marriages, he remained childless. When he died in 1700, his heir was 16-year-old Philip of Anjou, grandson of Louis XIV and his first wife, Charles’s elder half-sister, Maria Theresa.  However, the succession of Charles was less important than the division of his territories, and the failure to resolve that question led to war in 1701. For political reasons, marriages between Spanish and Austrian Habsburgs were common; Philip and Mariana were uncle and niece, making Charles their great-nephew and first cousin once removed respectively. All eight of his great-grandparents were descendants of Joanna and Philip I of Castile. The best-known consequence of such inbreeding is the’Habsburg jaw’, a physical characteristic shared by many Habsburgs, including Charles. However, despite what is often claimed, the extent to which this inbreeding was responsible for his numerous health issues is unclear, and disputed; Margaret Theresa, his elder sister, did not have the same issues. Based on contemporary accounts of his symptoms, he may have suffered from combined pituitary hormone deficiency and distal renal tubular acidosis. If correct, these would be indicative of rare genetic disorders, possibly caused by inbreeding. However, in the absence of genetic material, they remain speculation; even a 2019 study by the same team on the Habsburg jaw, based on analysis of portraits, could only conclude a genetic link was’highly likely’. Another suggestion is his health problems derived from a herpetic infection shortly after birth, while his autopsy report indicates hydrocephalus. Regardless of the cause, Charles suffered physical ill-health throughout his life, as well as depression; by the age of six, he had had measles, chickenpox, rubella and smallpox, each of which was then potentially fatal. His Habsburg jaw was so pronounced he spoke and ate only with difficulty, and did not learn to talk until the age of four. However, it was Mariana who insisted he be carried everywhere until he was eight, and left uneducated, to reduce the’strain’ on his body and mind. Although prone to illness, contemporaries reported he spent much of his time hunting. In reality, very little is known for certain, and much of what is suggested unproved, or incorrect. One famous example of his alleged mental problems is that he slept with his father’s body; while true, it was done under instructions from Mariana, whose doctors advised this would help him produce an heir. Reports from his council and foreign ambassadors indicate his mental capacities remained intact. Since Charles was a legal minor when Philip died on 17 September 1665, Mariana was appointed Queen Regent by the Council of Castile. While the Spanish Empire, or’Monarchy’, remained an enormous global confederation, its economic supremacy was challenged by the Dutch Republic, and increasingly England, while Europe was destabilized by French expansion under Louis XIV. Managing these issues was damaged by Mariana’s power struggle with Charles’s illegitimate half-brother, John of Austria the Younger. Administrative reforms were complex, since the Kingdom of Spain was a personal union of the two Crowns of Castile and Aragon, each with very different political cultures and traditions. As a result, government finances were in perpetual crisis; the Crown declared bankruptcy nine times between 1557 and 1666, including 1647, 1652, 1661 and 1666. However, the 17th century was a period of economic crisis for many European states, and Spain was not alone in facing these problems. Infighting between those who ruled in Charles’s name did little to help, but it is debatable how far they or he can be held responsible for long-term trends predating his reign. The Monarchy proved remarkably resilient, and when Charles died, remained largely intact. Mariana followed this precedent, her first choice being her Austrian personal confessor, Father Juan Everardo Nithard; modern assessments of her competence are often based on reports by contemporaries, who generally believed women were incapable of exercising power on their own. The costs of the Portuguese Restoration War, and the War of Devolution with France, forced the Crown to declare bankruptcy in 1662 and 1666, making reductions in expenditure urgent. The 1668 treaties of Aix-la-Chapelle and Lisbon ended the war with France, and accepted Portuguese independence. John forced Mariana to dismiss Nithard in February 1669, who replaced him with Fernando de Valenzuela. The regency was dissolved when Charles became a legal adult in 1675, then restored in 1677 on the basis of his health. The 1672 Franco-Dutch War dragged Spain into another war with France over the Spanish Netherlands, placing additional strain on the economy. The 1683-84 War of the Reunions with France was followed in 1688 by the Nine Years’ War. Shortly afterwards, Marie Louise died in February 1689; based on the description of her symptoms, modern doctors believe her illness was almost certainly appendicitis. In August, Charles married Maria Anna of Neuburg by proxy, the formal wedding taking place in May 1690; after his mother died on 16 May 1696, he ruled in his own name, although Maria Anna played a significant role due to his ill-health and her control over access to Charles. It was clear Charles’s health was finally failing and agreeing on a successor became increasingly urgent. The Nine Years’ War showed France could not achieve its objectives on its own; the 1697 Treaty of Ryswick was the result of mutual exhaustion and Louis’s search for allies in anticipation of a contest over the Spanish throne. Austrian Habsburg Emperor Leopold refused to sign since it left the issue unresolved; he reluctantly did so in October 1697, but viewed it as a pause in hostilities. One of John’s last acts was arranging Charles’s marriage in 1679 to Marie Louise, eldest daughter of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans. While the French ambassador wrote’… He is so ugly as to cause fear, and looks ill’, it was considered irrelevant to the political benefits. Marie Louise was blamed for the failure to produce an heir, while primitive fertility treatments gave her severe intestinal problems. There has been considerable debate as to whether Charles was impotent, and if so, the cause; reports provided by Marie Louise indicate he may have suffered from premature ejaculation. The suggestion it was the result of inbreeding has not been proved, while a number of scientific studies dispute any linkage between fertility and consanguinity. After she died in February 1689, Charles married Maria Anna of Neuburg, one of the twelve children of Philip William, Elector Palatine, and sister-in-law to Emperor Leopold. Although partly selected because her family was famous for its fertility, she proved no more successful in producing an heir than her predecessor. By this stage, Charles was almost certainly impotent; his autopsy revealed he had only one atrophied testicle. As the Crown of Spain passed according to cognatic primogeniture, it was possible for a woman, or the descendant of a woman, to inherit the crown. To prevent Spain’s acquisition by France, Maria Theresa renounced her inheritance rights; in return, Louis was promised a dowry of 500,000 gold écus, a huge sum that was never paid. In 1685, Leopold and Margaret’s daughter Maria Antonia married Max Emanuel of Bavaria; she died in 1692, leaving one surviving son, Joseph Ferdinand. In October 1698, France, Britain and the Dutch Republic attempted to impose a diplomatic solution to the Succession on Spain and Austria, by the Treaty of the Hague or First Partition Treaty. This made Joseph Ferdinand heir to the bulk of the Spanish Monarchy, with France gaining the Kingdoms of Naples and Sicily and other concessions in Italy plus the modern Basque province of Gipuzkoa. Leopold’s younger son Archduke Charles became ruler of the Duchy of Milan, a possession considered vital to the security of Austria’s southern border. Unsurprisingly, the Spanish objected to their Empire being divided by foreign powers without consultation, and on 14 November 1698, Charles II made Joseph Ferdinand heir to an independent and undivided Spanish Monarchy. Maria Anna was appointed Regent during his minority, an announcement allegedly received by the Spanish councilors in silence. Joseph Ferdinand’s death in 1699 ended these arrangements. It also left Louis XIV’s eldest son, the Grand Dauphin, heir to the Spanish throne, once again implying union between Spain and France. In March 1700, France, Britain and the Dutch agreed an alternative; Archduke Charles replaced Joseph Ferdinand, with Spanish possessions in Europe split between France, Savoy and Austria. Charles reacted by altering his will in favor of Archduke Charles, but once again stipulating an undivided and independent Spanish Monarchy. Most of the Spanish nobility disliked the Austrians, and Maria Anna, and viewed a French candidate as more likely to ensure their independence. In September 1700, Charles became ill again; by 28 September he was no longer able to eat, and Portocarrero persuaded him to alter his will in favor of Louis XIV’s grandson, Philip of Anjou. He died five days before his 39th birthday on 1 November 1700; Philip was proclaimed King of Spain on 16th, and the War of the Spanish Succession began in 1701. The autopsy records his body did not contain a single drop of blood; his heart was the size of a peppercorn; his lungs corroded; his intestines rotten and gangrenous; he had a single testicle, black as coal, and his head was full of water. As suggested previously, these are indicative of hydrocephalus, a disease often associated with childhood measles, one of many illnesses suffered by Charles.
Tsar Czar King Alexander I Autograph Signed Signature Yugoslavia Serbia Croatia. Alexander Karadordevic was born on 16 December 1888 in the Principality of Montenegro as the fourth child (second son) of Petar Karadordevic (son of Prince Alexander of Serbia who thirty years earlier in 1858 was forced to abdicate and surrender power in Serbia to the rival House of Obrenovic) and Princess Zorka of Montenegro (eldest daughter of Prince Nicholas of Montenegro). Despite enjoying support from the Russian Empire, at the time of Alexander’s birth and early childhood, the House of Karadordevic was in political exile, with different family members scattered all over Europe, unable to return to Serbia, which had recently been transformed from a principality into a kingdom under the Obrenovices, who ruled with strong support from Austria-Hungary. The antagonism between the two rival royal houses was such that after the assassination of Prince Mihailo Obrenovic in 1868 (an event Karadordevices were suspected of taking part in), the Obrenovices resorted to making constitutional changes, specifically proclaiming the Karadordevices banned from entering Serbia and stripping them of their civic rights. Alexander was two when his mother Princess Zorka died in 1890 from complications while giving birth to his younger brother Andrija, who also died only 23 days later. Alexander spent his childhood in Montenegro; however, in 1894 his widower father took the four children, including Alexander, to Geneva where the young man completed his elementary education. Alongside his older brother George, he continued his schooling at the imperial Page Corps in St Petersburg, Russian Empire. In 1903 while young George and Alexander were in school, their father Petar along with a slew of conspirators managed to pull off a bloody coup d’état in the Kingdom of Serbiaknown as the May Overthrow in which King Alexander I Obrenovic and his consort Queen Draga were murdered and viciously dismembered. The House of Karadordevic thus retook the Serbian throne after forty five years and Alexander’s 58-year-old father became King Peter I of Serbia, prompting George’s and Alexander’s return to Serbia to continue their studies. Despite enjoying support from the Russian Empire, at the time of Alexander’s birth and early childhood, the House of Karadordevic was in political exile, with different family members scattered all over Europe, unable to return to Serbia, which had recently been transformed from a principality into a kingdom under the Obrenovice.